Whether you’re thinking of upgrading your network or just looking to install new network cables, there are two cable types to choose from: copper and fiber. While they have their own advantages and disadvantages, both are used depending on the application.
However, as the world craves higher bandwidth, the demand for fiber has increased. Various companies and ICT professionals are now contacting fiber optic cable suppliers in Abu Dhabi and Dubai to get faster, more reliable broadband access.
In this post, let’s discuss some of the advantages that optical fiber gives you over copper wires.
Since optical fiber uses light to transmit, data is transmitted using photons. On the other hand, copper cables use electrical signals for the same purpose. Thus, data is transmitted using electrons. Photons move at the speed of light, and the speed of electrons is almost 1% less than this. Despite the fact that in practice, fiber optic cables do not actually reach the speed of light, they are much faster than copper cables. In fact, fibers transmit data at 31% slower than the speed of light and are unobstructed in the distance.
Copper wires are ideal for transmitting voice signals, but they have limited bandwidth when transmitting data. At the same time, fiber can easily transfer data at speeds of 10 Gbps and higher. Optical fibers can bind 1000 times more bandwidth than copper and can also travel 100 times longer. For example, the typical bandwidth for multimode fiber is 500 MHz / km, so a 500 m cable can easily carry 1 GHz. Moreover, the signal loss at a distance of 500 m is negligible, while the signal loss in copper is very high.
Long distance coverage
Optical fibers can transmit signals over long distances. They don’t have any limits, unlike the 328 feet limit for copper cables. For example, you can easily transmit 10 Gbps using single-mode fiber optic cable up to 25 miles. The distance that a fiber optic cable can travel depends on its type, wavelength and network.
Slim but durable
Unlike traditional copper cables, optical fibers are relatively thinner and lighter. Despite this, they can withstand more pressure than copper cables. They are less prone to damage and are very durable.
Inherently safe and reliable
Since no electricity is required to transmit data over fiber optic, they are fairly safe to handle. In addition, fiber optic cables do not emit signals, making it extremely difficult to connect taps to intercept data. Since the signals carried over a fiber optic cable are contained within each individual fiber optic core, you need to cut it from the end of the cable in order to gain access to it. However, this will shut down the network. Thus, it is easy to know that someone is trying to break into the network.
Immunity to temperature and water fluctuations
Severe weather conditions and even water influx do not affect the condition of the fiber. Whether it is a rainstorm or a thunderstorm, they do not affect the fiber, and communication continues as usual. Even if lightning strikes optical fibers, it will not affect them, since they do not contain metal components.
These factors make optical fibers ideal for harsh weather conditions, and for this reason they are used outdoors and in rough terrain. Likewise, for underwater transmission, optical fibers are an ideal choice as they are impervious to moisture.
Not affected by EMI
If network cables are located near electronic cables that carry electrical current, crosstalk between the cables starts to cause performance problems and interruptions in data transmission. However, unlike copper cables, fiber optics do not generate electromagnetic interference (EMI) and are not affected by EMI. Thus, you can freely use fiber optics anywhere, such as LED display, to worry about loss of transmission quality.
Fiber optic cables are immune to temperature and weather conditions. This makes them very reliable for data transmission. In contrast, copper is strongly affected by changes in temperature and weather conditions, as well as data transmission. Likewise, the immunity of an optical fiber to fluctuations in electromagnetic interference further enhances its reliability. Optical fibers also do not pose a fire hazard like old and worn copper cables.
In general, if you want to improve your business infrastructure, be sure to switch to fiber if you haven’t already. Also, pay attention to the strength of your company. You